Springfield is the capital of Illinois and the county seat of Sangamon County. It had a population just under 117,000 as of the 2010 census. When combined with Menard County, the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area has a population just under 212,000.
The land on which Springfield currently stands was originally settled by traders and fur trappers. Before changing its named to Springfield, the city was originally known as Calhoun, after South Carolina Senator John C. Calhoun. When Senator Calhoun later fell out favor among the city’s citizenry, the name was changed to Springfield after Springfield, Massachusetts.
The most famous person from Springfield, Illinois is obvious Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln spent 24 years in Springfield following his move there in 1837. During that time he worked as a lawyer and politician. Despite being widely considered as one of the greatest presidents in American history, Lincoln barely carried the city of Springfield in the 1860 presidential election.
Springfield’s largest employers include the State of Illinois, Memorial Medical Center, St. John’s Hospital, Springfield Public Schools, Springfield Clinic, City of Springfield, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, University of Illinois at Springfield, BlueCross BlueShield and Horace Mann.
Culturally, Springfield is also home to the annual Springfield Old Capitol Art Fair, as well as the Hoogland Center for the Arts, the Springfield Theatre Centre, the Springfield Ballet Company, the Springfield Municipal Opera and the Illinois Symphony Orchestra. Springfield also boasts a storied literary tradition, from Abraham Lincoln and Edgar Lee Masters, to Virginia Eiffert and Vachel Lindsay.
The Sangamon County Courthouse is located at 200 South Ninth, Room 101 in Springfield, Illinois, 62701.